Indonesia’s chemical industry is a large contributor to the country’s gross domestic product and is undergoing rapid growth. To prevent chemical risks to safety and security, many regulations have been enacted, though the overall regulatory system remains fragmented and enforcement remains patchy. Some of the most important legislations are introduced here:
- Hazardous Substances (B3) Management
In Indonesian, a hazardous and toxic substance is called “bahan berbahaya dan beracun”, thus is abbreviated as “B3”. The principles of B3 management are laid out in Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No. 74/2001 on Hazardous and Toxic Substance Management, requiring industry stakeholders to fulfill a spectrum of obligations before or when carrying out business activities related to B3:
- B3 registration prior to import or manufacture;
- Notification for B3 imports for limited use or for first import;
- Manufacturers are obliged to prepare (M)SDS, while entities responsible for transportation, storage and distribution of B3 should make sure (M)SDS are supplied with the chemicals and the packages or containers are correctly labeled;
- Work safety and health program
- Accident and emergency management
News came that the government is drafting a new overarching law for chemical management in Indonesia, which will include more detailed and systematic strategies for chemical safety and security, hazard assessment, risk assessment, risk management and risk communication. The coordination of different ministries including Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Forestry and Environment, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Defense and National Defense and National Police, will be improved and enhanced under the new law.
- Indonesia GHS
Indonesia uses elements of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling to manage chemicals. So far, the following regulations have been released to implement GHS in Indonesia:
- Decree No. 87/M-IND/PER/9/2009 about Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
- Decree No. 23/M-IND/PER/4/2013: Revision of Decree No. 87/M-IND/PER/9/2009 concerning Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
- Order No. 04/BIM/PER/1/2014: Technical Guidance and Supervision Instructions on the Implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Single substances are compulsorily required to comply with Indonesia GHS from Mar 24, 2010 while a grace period is granted to mixtures until Dec 31, 2016. Manufacturers and importers are required to report the classification, labeling and SDS to Ministry of Industry through online system at: http://siinas.kemenperin.go.id/e-reporting/ghs/
- B3 regulation, the main regulation that manages and controls hazardous chemicals in Indonesia, is under revision and the updated regulation will be released soon. GHS classification will be adopted and the hazardous substances lists will be updated.
- In 2013, MOI published Regulation No.23/M-IND/PER/4/2013 and made some amendments to Regulation No.87-2009, including the implementation of mandatory GHS requirements for all mixtures beginning on Dec 31st, 2016.
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