The Philippines

PICCS and PMPIN

The main chemical regulations in the Philippines are Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 (RA 6969) and Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act 6969 (DAO 1992-29), which cover the importation, manufacture, processing, handling, storage, transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of all unregulated chemical substances and mixtures in the Philippines, as well as the storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes`.

The chemical substances that are listed in the Philippine Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) are regarded as existing chemicals. According to the requirements of RA 6969 and DAO 1992-29, the enterprises should apply for PICCS certification for existing chemicals before manufacture or importation.

For new chemicals that are not listed in PICCS or existing chemicals with new uses, manufacturers and importers should submit a pre-manufacturing or pre-importation notification (PMPIN) to the Environmental Management Bureau under the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR-EMB). The purpose of the notification is to screen for any hazardous substances when new substances enter into the Philippine market. There are two types of notification:

  • Abbreviated PMPIN for new chemicals that are allowed to be used in other countries without limitation. Sufficient information proving that the chemicals have no unreasonable risks should be provided.
  • Detailed PMPIN for other chemicals that the manufacture or importer cannot prove their safety or the submitted information cannot persuade EMB to determine the chemicals are safe to use.

Besides these two types, if the import volume of a new chemical is less than 1 ton/year, then the importer can apply for Small Quantity Importation (SQI) which has reduced compliance requirements.

The PICCS is updated on a regular basis and all the new substances that acquire PMPIN certifications will be included into the PICCS.

PCL

The Philippine Priority Chemicals List (PCL) is a list of existing and new chemicals designated by the DENR under RA 6969. These chemicals are potentially risky to public health, workplace and the environment in consideration of their persistence, toxicity and bioaccumulation. DENR-EMB is in charge of assessing and nominating priority chemicals. There are currently 48 chemicals on PCL. PCL compliance certificate is required before these chemicals are manufactured or imported.

CCOs

Chemical Control Orders (CCOs) are a series of regulations, phase-out plans or bans on certain chemicals as a result of their high risks to human health, workplace safety, the environment and ecology, following the international and regional treaties and conventions. For the time being, chemicals subject to CCOs include cyanides, PCBs, asbestos, mercury, lead and ozone depleting chemicals. For chemical substances subject to CCOs, you need to register them with DENR-EMB & obtain import clearance.

GHS

The Department of Labor and Employment (DLOE) has implemented GHS for hazardous substances in workplace from March 14th 2015. DENR also has a timeline for GHS implementation as follows:

Chemicals

Effectivity

Substances and compounds under CCOs and PCL

2016

High volume toxic chemicals

2017

Toxic chemicals under the IATA and IMDG list of dangerous goods

2018

Mixtures

2019