- The China MOT, together with several other agencies, jointly issued the official version of the Measures for Safety Administration of Road Transport of Dangerous Goods.
- As the first document providing systematic rules on the whole process of road transport of dangerous goods, the Measures is expected to profoundly transform the industry.
On November 25, 2019, the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MOT), Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), Ministry of Public Security (MPS), Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), Ministry of Emergency Management (MEM) and State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) jointly released the long-awaited official version of the Measures for Safety Administration of Road Transport of Dangerous Goods . The Measures will take effect on January 1, 2020.
The development of the Measures started from 2014. Over the past five years, relevant authorities have held seven consultations and 20-odd symposiums to pool wisdom, with an aim to flesh out its rules and enable it to address daunting challenges in road transport of dangerous goods in China.
Based on lessons from major accidents, regulatory practices of local authorities and international experience in this regard, the Measures involves significant adjustments to various systems, including consignment and carriage of dangerous goods, goods transported in excepted quantities (EQ) and limited quantities (LQ), tank and tanker inspections, etc. ChemLinked has teased out major highlights in the Measures, as shown below.
Scope of Exemptions
The Measures does not apply to four categories of items, including:
- Dangerous goods transported in military vehicles
- Hazardous chemicals not listed in the Regulations Concerning Road Transportation of Dangerous Goods (JT/T617)
- Hazardous wastes of which the transfer and transport are exempted from regulation according to provisions in the National Catalogue of Hazardous Wastes
- Radioactive pharmaceutics for diagnosis
For the latter three categories, their road transport should be regulated according to provisions separately developed by authorities in charge of transport or ecology and environment under the State Council.
LQ/EQ Exemption for Road Transport of Dangerous Goods
The Measures finalizes rules on road transport of dangerous goods packed in LQ or EQ, as illustrated in the table below.
Standards for packaging, labeling, package testing, quantity limit of each inner package and outer package
Mixed stowage and segregation
Quantity limit for per transport vehicle
Number of packages offered as EQ ≤ 1,000
Gross mass (packaging included) of packed offered as LQ ≤ 8,000 kg
Notably, in the third draft, it was specified that dangerous goods packed in EQ/LQ do not include highly toxic chemicals, explosives (Hazard Class 1), and infectious substances (Hazard Class 6, Division 6.2). However, the rule has been removed in the official version.
Meanwhile, at a press briefing on the Measures, an MOT official noted that they will develop and release the Guidelines for Road Transport of Dangerous Goods Packed in EQ and the Guidelines for Road Transport of Dangerous Goods Packed in LQ, in a bid to facilitate the implementation of relevant provisions.
Obligations of Consignors and Carriers of Dangerous Goods
According to the Measures, in order to ensure safe transport of dangerous goods, consignors and carriers are required to fulfill their respective obligations.
The Measures also provides rules concerning loading and unloading of dangerous goods, requirements for vehicles and equipment used in road transport of dangerous goods, and penalties against anyone violating the Measures. ChemLinked will release the English translation of the Measures as well as a series of expert articles on specific rules therein, and stage a webinar detailing its provisions soon. Please stay tuned.